It is no secret that humans are heavily impacting oceans. Measuring these impacts, however, is extremely difficult. Not only are the oceans vast but incredibly deep with the ocean floor at least 6000m down in many locations. Precise measurements of biogeochemical and ecological processes at these depths is technologically hard. An Italian research group from…

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Ever wondered what that slime is in your bathroom, or that plaque on your teeth? Most likely it is a biofilm – a community of bacteria growing within a slime on a surface that is constantly moist. Biofilms are everywhere – from that plaque on your teeth, to sewage pipes, to the guts of cows.…

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